born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm (18 December 1913 - 8 October 1992), was a German politician, Chancellor of West Germany 1969–1974,leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) 1964–1987.Brts most important legacy was Ostpolitik, a policy aimed at improving relations with East Germany, Pol,th
Willy Brt was born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm in Lübeck, Germany to Martha Frahm, an unwed mother who worked as a cashier for a department store. His father was an acant from Hamburg named John M?ller, whom Brt never met. As his mother worked six days a week, he was mainly brought up by his mothers stepfather Ludwig Frahmhis second wife Dora.
After passing his Abitur in 1932 at Johanneum zu Lübeck, he became an apprentice at the shipbrokerships agent F.H. Bertling. He joined the "Socialist Youth" in 1929the Social Democratic Party (SPD) in 1930. He left the SPD to join the more left wing Socialist Workers Party (SAP), which was allied to the POUM in Spainthe Independent Labour Party in Britain. In 1933, using his connections with the portits ships, he left Germany for Norway to escape Nazi persecution. It was at this time that he adopted the pseudonym Willy Brt to avoid detection by Nazi agents. In 1934, he took part in the founding of the International Bureau of Revolutionary Youth Organizations,was elected to its Secretariat.
Brt was in Germany from September to December 1936, disguised as a Norwegian student named Gunnar Gaasl. He was married to Gertrud Meyer from Lübeck in a fictitious marriage to protect her from deportation. Meyer had joined Brt in Norway in July 1933. In 1937, during the Civil War, Brt worked in Spain as a journalist. In 1938, the German government revoked his citizenship, so he applied for Norwegian citizenship. In 1940, he was arrested in Norway by occupying German forces, but was not identified as he wore a Norwegian uniform. On his release, he escaped to neutral Sweden. In August 1940, he became a Norwegian citizen, receiving his passport from the Norwegian embassy in Stockholm, where he lived until the end of the war. Willy Brt lectured in Sweden on 1 December 1940 at Bommersvik college about problems experienced by the social democrats in Nazi Germanythe occupied ries at the start of World War II. In exile in NorwaySweden Brt learned NorwegianSwedish. Brt spoke Norwegian fluently,retained a close relationship with Norway.
In late 1946, Brt returned to Berlin, working for the Norwegian government. In 1948, he joined the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)became a German citizen again, formally adopting the pseudonym, Willy Brt, as his legal name.